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The climate of Maldives is warm year round, determined by the monsoons. However, being on the equator, the monsoons are mild and not as defined as in neighboring countries. Of the two monsoons, the southwest monsoon from May to October brings some rain and wind. The northeast monsoon from November to April is the dry season with very little rain and wind. The temperature varies little with an annual average daily maximum of 30.4 degrees Celsius and a minimum of 25.9 degrees Celsius.

The annual rainfall stood at just over 1,900 millimeters in 1996. In the same year, the country, with the equator running through it, had over 2,800 hours of sunshine, an average of about 8 hrs a day.

Maldives is located at the equator and experiences monsoonal climate. Maldives has two distinct seasons; dry season (northeast monsoon) and wet season (southwest monsoon). In these two seasons the temperature varies hardly. Northeast monsoon extends from January to March. Since Maldives consists of small islands and are surrounded by seas, hot days are often tempered by cooling sea breezes and balmy evening temperatures.

The tropical climate of the Maldives keep things hot and humid throughout the year, but sea breezes offer some slight relief at the coastal resorts. The islands experience to wet monsoon seasons, the main one between April and October. The best time to holiday in the Maldives is between December and April.

The beauty of the Maldivian weather is that it is during Europe's worst time of the year, November through to March, that the equatorial tropical climate of Maldives exerts its maximum appeal. As an added bonus, the indoor climate in the majority of the resort hotels is gently moderated by air conditioning. Those who like their lives timed by the four seasons may find the Maldivian climate extremely monotonous.

The day-equals-night clock with sunny days throughout the year is seasoned only with the two-monsoons that prevail in the region. The Southwest monsoon tend to bring with it more rain, normally in June and July; while the Northwest monsoon is considered to be good fishing season.

Throughout the year, temperature remains almost same in the Maldives. However, daily temperature ranges from around 31 degrees Celsius in daytime to 23 degrees Celsius in nighttime. The mean daily maximum temperature for Central parts (Hulhule) of the Maldives is 30.5 degrees Celsius and minimum temperature is 25.7 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, mean daily maximum and minimum temperature for South (Gan) is 30.9 and 24.5 degree Celsius, respectively. Furthermore, mean daily maximum and minimum temperature for North (Hanimaadhoo) is 30.7 and 25.2 degrees Celsius, respectively.

The highest temperature ever recorded in the Maldives was 36.8°C, recorded on 19 May 1991 at Kadhdhoo Meteorological Office. Likewise, the minimum temperature ever recorded in the Maldives was 17.2°C, recorded at the National Meteorological Centre on 11th April 1978.

The wet season- southwest monsoon runs from mid-May to November. In this season Maldives experiences torrential rain. Central, Southern and Northern parts of the Maldives receive annual average rainfall of 1924.7mm, 2277.8mm, and 1786.4mm, respectively. The highest rainfall ever recorded in the Maldives with in 24 hour period was recorded on 9th July 2002 at Kaadedhdhoo Meteorological Office and amounts to 219.8 mm of rainfall.

The fact that the Maldives is located at the equator, Maldives receives plentiful of sunshine through out the year. On average Southern atolls (Gan) of the Maldives receives 2704.07 hours of sunshine each year. Furthermore, on average central (Hulhule) parts of the country receives 2784.51 hours of sunshine per year.

Every year brings Two Monsoons, Iruvai (the north-east) and Hulhangu (the south-west) monsoon. To most visitors this simply means the Hot and Dry season.  Iruvai which has 9 Nakaiy, the wind blows from the East. The Hot and Wet season Hulhangu which has 18 Nakaiy, is a season of strong winds and stormy weather.


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